Govardhan Puja 2022: Date, Puja Muhurat, Puja Vidhi, Story and Significance – Times of India

Govardhan Puja 2022: This festival has a great religious significance among Hindus and it is celebrated by all the Lord Krishna devotees with great zeal and enthusiasm. Govardhan festival is going to be observed on Pratipada Tithi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Kartik. Govardhan is also celebrated as ‘Padwa’ or ‘Varsha pratipada’ in some parts of the country. On this auspicious day, Lord Krishna had lifted the Govardhan hill on his little finger to save the villagers from heavy rains. Govardhan Puja is celebrated the next day after Diwali Puja but this year Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse) is falling on the next day of Diwali Celebration that is why Govardhan Puja will be celebrated on October 26, 2022.
Govardhan Puja 2022: Date and Time
Govardhan Puja – Wednesday, October 26, 2022
Pratipada Tithi Begins – October 25, 2022 – 04:18 PM
Pratipada Tithi Ends – October 26, 2022 – 02:42 PM
Govardhan Puja Pratahkaal Muhurat – 06:29 AM to 08:43 AM
Govardhan Puja 2022: Significance
Govardhan Puja commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over Indra. Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan hill on his little finger and saved people from the wrath of Lord Indra.
On this festival, all the Lord Krishna temples are decorated with flowers, lights and diyas and devotees prepare Bhog Prasad to offer Lord Krishna. Govardhan Puja is celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal in the Indian states of Haryana, Punjab, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
There is a ritual in Haryana where people make cow dung hillocks as a symbol of Mount Govardhan and decorate these hillocks beautifully with flowers and worship them with Kumkum, Akshat and do 7 times Parikrama around the hillocks. On this auspicious day of Govardhan, some people even decorate their bulls and cows with garland and worship them.
In Gujrat people celebrate this day as ‘Bestu Baras’ which marks the Gujarati New Year as per their calendar. It also marks the first day of the Vikram Samvat as per Hindu Calendar.
This festival is celebrated as ‘Padwa’ in Maharashtra and there is a tradition when men give gifts to their wives.
In some parts of India, the day after Diwali is also observed as ‘Vishwakarma Day’ and people worship the tools.
Govardhan Puja 2022: Annakoota
‘Annakoot’ is considered to be an important part of the Govardhan Puja. The word ‘Annakoot’ means ‘mountain of food’. On this auspicious day of Govardhan, devotees prepare 56 and 108 bhog (food) to offer Lord Krishna. People give bath to Lord Krishna with Panchamrit (mixture of milk, curd, sugar, ghee and honey) and adorn the idol with beautiful clothes and jewelry made of precious stone and pearls. People then offer that ‘Annakoot’ Prasad to Lord Krishna, perform puja and aarti. After completing all the puja rituals, Annakut Prasad is distributed among all the other devotees.
Goverdhan Puja 2022: Story
According to the Hindu Scriptures, Krishna’s foster father Nanda and the rest of the villagers were once preparing for a Puja. Krishna, who was a young boy then was curious to know what the people of his village were doing and he was told that the Puja arrangements were being made to please Indra Dev so that he could bless them with ample rain for good harvest.
Lord Krishna, who believed in Karma, told the villagers to do their duty and not get worried about something that they can’t control. He was of the opinion that one must do his duty and not worry about the consequences or expect something in return. People got convinced by Lord Krishna’s views so villagers did not perform any puja.
This made Indra Dev angry so he caused torrential rains and thunderstorms to destroy the village. Krishna understood Indra’s intention and to save the villagers, he lifted the Govardhan Parvat on his little finger. The villagers along with their cattle and other belongings took shelter under the Govardhan Parvat for seven days. After seeing Krishna’s leela and divine power, Indra Dev had to withdraw the rains and thunderstorms.
Lord Krishna wanted to teach a lesson to Indra Dev that Ego, pride, anger and hatred destroy everything and one can not earn respect and love by force and compulsion.
Legend of King Bali
In Tretayuga there was a king named Bali who was famous for being generous. But, he didn’t analyze the consequences before offering something. He was warned several times but was very adamant. This created havoc as people started behaving as per their wishes. On seeing this, Lord Vishnu incarnated in the form of Vamana Avatar (a Brahmin dwarf) and went to King Bali. He asked him for a piece of land that can be covered by three of his footsteps. Unaware of the consequences agreed and then the dwarf took a colossal form and captured the sky in his first step and the Netherland in his second. Frightened of the consequences and for the sake of saving the earth, Bali offered his head for Vishnu’s third step. This marked the end of the King’s reign and hence is celebrated as Bali Pratipada. This festival is usually followed by Maharashtrians.

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