On Republic Day know Interesting Facts About India

India, officially known as the Republic of India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. Being the 7th largest country in the world, by area. India is also the second most populous country in the world and the most populous democracy in the world. The Republic of India, popularly known as India has a very unique yet beautiful geographic scenario.

India comprises seas and mountains that give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. Lying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, the Mainland extends between Latitudes 8° 4′ and 37° 6′ North, Longitudes 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ East, and measures about 3,214 km from north to south between the extreme latitudes and about 2,933 km from east to west between the extreme longitudes.

It has a land frontier of about 15,200 km. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands are 7,516.6 km.

It is said that the Indus Valley Civilization (World’s Oldest Civilization) had begun in India, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd Millennia B.C., and extended into North-Western India. The Aryan tribes from the Nort-West infiltrated the Indian Sub-Continent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture.

History of Powerful Emperors

India has a history of very powerful and sufficient Emperors across the centuries. During the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C., the Mauryan Empire proliferated under the reign of Ashoka, which unified much of South Asia. Another important Dynasty that proved to be highly beneficial to India in every aspect was the Gupta Dynasty (4th to 6th century A.D.).

Interesting Facts About India

The Gupta Dynasty is often referred to as the ‘Golden Age’ of India. The Gupta Age paved the way for the development of Indian science, Art, and Culture. The expansion of the Islamic emperors can also be seen over 700 years of the period.

In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, Emperor Babur established the Mughal Dynasty, which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century.

Jewel in the Crown for British

During the 19th Century, Great Britain had started to become a prominent political power on the subcontinent, and India was seen as the “Jewel in the Crown” of the British Empire. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British Rule, led by Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, eventually resulted in Indian independence in 1947. After gaining independence, India also got divided into two separate geographical lands; namely- India and Pakistan. The neighboring countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and that resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.

Historical Day – 26th January 1950

India as an independent land welcomed the Constitution on 26th January 1950 that got implemented on that day and since then, 26th January is being celebrated as the Republic Day of India. The Republic Day of India is observed with great pomp and show across the nation.

The main event takes place at the national capital of India, Delhi; where the President of India, Smt. Draupadi Murmu will unfurl the National Flag in the presence of the chief guest and many dignitaries.

The functions take place at the Kartavya Path, which was formerly known as the Rajpath. Several cultural programs are also performed in various parts of the country. The main attraction of the event is the Parade which holds an important place. Republic Day also witnesses the various feat of the Army in many forms.

India as a country, comprises several Ethnic Groups, Languages, Dialects, and many more. The Ethnic Group of India majorly consists of Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, and other 3% (2000). There are an end-number of Languages that are spoken in India.

Some of the main languages are as follows

Hindi 43.6%, Bengali 8%, Marathi 6.9%, Telugu 6.7%, Tamil 5.7%, Gujarati 4.6%, Urdu 4.2%, Kannada 3.6%, Odia 3.1%, Malayalam 2.9%, Punjabi 2.7%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.1%, other 5.6%; note – English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; there are 22 other officially recognized languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2011 est.)

Interesting Facts About India

The Literacy Rate of India is defined as

“Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) Long definition. The adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can both read and write with an understanding of a short simple statement about their everyday life. Source. UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).”

Total population: 74.4%
Male: 82.4%
Female: 65.8% (2018)

Thus, India very truly justifies itself with the proverb, ‘Unity in Diversity’. India is a land of diversified cultures, ethnic groups, populations, languages thought processes, and many more. On the eve of the 74th Republic Day, India will be commemorating the day with great zeal and fervor across the country. The President of Egypt, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been formally invited by India to be the Chief Guest on the occasion of Republic Day.

Who is the Prime Minister of India?

Shri Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister of India.

Who is the President of India?

Smt. Draupadi Murmu is the President of India.

Which is the capital of India?

New Delhi is the capital city of India. It is also referred to as the National Capital Territory or simply NCT.

What is the National Currency of India?

The Rupee (One Rupee=100 paise) is the national currency of India.

What is the official name of India?

The official name of India is ‘Bharat’ in Hindi and ‘The Republic of India’ in English.

Is India is a rich country?

Union Minister Nitin Gadkari on Thursday said even though India has emerged as the world’s fifth largest economy and although the country is rich, its population is poor, facing issues like starvation, unemployment, casteism, untouchability, and inflation.

Why is India so special?

A unique land of vibrant colors, breathtaking landscapes, and rich history, India is unlike any other. From the writhing streets of Mumbai to the idyllic shores of the Andaman Islands, this remarkable country offers a diverse feast for the senses.

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